Restless Legs Syndrome is an unpleasant neurological problem which is characterised by annoying feelings with the legs and the compelling need to move the lower limbs, generally experienced when attempting to rest. This peculiar feeling, often in the calf muscles, has been described as a form of cramp, soreness or simply a creeping, moving sensation. Suffers of this compare the sensation to being like shooting darts of electrical energy, or even squirming bugs inside the legs. The sensations range in severity from miserable to aggravating to painful.
Essentially the most unique feature of the condition is that lying down and trying to unwind brings on the feelings. Because of this, a lot of people with restless legs syndrome experience difficulty going to sleep and remaining asleep. If left untreated, the situation can cause lethargy as well as day time low energy.
Those that have restless legs syndrome experience uncomfortable feelings within their legs, particularly when sitting or lying down, together with the irresistible craving to move the lower limb. These feelings usually happen deep within the leg, typically between knee and ankle joint; more infrequently, they will happen in the feet, upper thighs, arms, and hands. Although the sensations can happen on only one side of the body, they quite often affect the two sides. Simply because moving the lower limbs relieves the discomfort, people with restless legs syndrome usually keep their legs moving to minimize or avoid the sensations. They might pace the floor, constantly moving the lower limbs whilst seated, and move when in bed.
Most affected individuals notice the symptoms of restless legs syndrome being much less obvious throughout the day and much more apparent later in the day or during the night, particularly in the course of the beginning of sleep. For some people, the symptoms disappear by early morning, allowing for more refreshing sleep at that time. Other triggering situations are periods of inactivity such as long car trips, sitting in a movie theatre, long-distance flights, immobilisation in a cast, or relaxation exercises.
The reason is unknown but people with a family background of restless legs syndrome make-up somewhere around 50% of the cases, and those with low iron amounts or anemia, chronic disorders like kidney failure, diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, and peripheral neuropathy, some pregnant women in their last trimester and individuals using certain prescription drugs seem to be more prone to to be affected by restless legs syndrome.
Restless legs syndrome may affect any individual of all ages, even though the problem is a lot more common with advancing age. It occurs in both genders, although the frequency can be to some extent greater in women. At times those with this will encounter spontaneous improvement over a period of weeks. While uncommon, natural improvement over a time period of years can also take place. In the event that these types of improvements come about, it is almost always while in the first phases of the disorder. Normally, however, restlessness become more severe as time passes.
Typically the medical diagnosis of restless legs syndrome is tricky to arrive at. Physicians usually depend largely on the sufferers descriptions of the sensations and information from their medical history, such as past medical conditions, family history, and present medications. Individuals could be asked about the frequency, just how long the sensations happen to be present, and also intensity of symptoms in addition to their inclination for day sleeping activities and sleepiness, disruption of sleep, or any daytime functionality. If a persons history is suggestive of restless legs symptoms, laboratory tests could be implemented to eliminate other concerns and confirm the initial impression of restless legs syndrome. Blood testing, studies to determine electrical impulses in the muscles as well as nerves, and other testing to be able to assess muscle signals with the legs is likely to be suggested. Such tests can easily establish any kind of associated injury or disorder in nerves and neural roots as well as other leg-related motion problems.