Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are proteins created by combining the lymphocytes of one animal with those of a different animal. These proteins have unique properties that make them very useful in research and therapy.
One important difference between mAbs and other types of antibodies is that mAbs are highly specific. This means they can bind to only one type of molecule, unlike other antibodies, which can bind to several different types of molecules.
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This specificity is why mAbs are so effective in research and therapy: by targeting a specific molecule, they are able to treat or prevent disease more effectively than general antibodies.
Another difference between mAbs and other types of antibodies is their durability. MAbs typically last longer than other antibodies in vitro (outside the body) because they do not clump together as normal antibodies do. This makes them easier to isolate and study, which is important for research into new therapies.
Overall, monoclonal antibodies are extremely versatile and useful proteins that play an important role in research and therapy.